What can your camera?
As mentioned above, night photography requires technical understanding. So you should have knowledge of your camera's capabilities.
Use a SLR Camera.
Great, you will not be in trouble! SLR has all the necessary functions of night photography.
Using an ultra-zoom camera.
Nowadays, practically all ultrazoom cameras a chance to change all the settings as the SLR camera, and therefore you should not cause any problems.
When to shoot?
Complete darkness is not very good for shooting, everything is illuminated by artificial light only, whose image as a result lose their form. It is best to shoot only after sundown, when it is over the horizon, but still not completely dark.
How much of your scene and light?
Point your camera at something you take photos, and press the shutter button halfway - if you use M, Av or S mode, the camera will indicate whether the current settings of your photograph will come out bright enough, if you use automatic modes - the camera will determine the best way to exit light photography. But do not forget that the camera is much more light than the human eye, that it would create a sufficiently bright and clear picture, usually at night so need to use a slow shutter speed, but if you let the camera decide on settings the same, it will probably offer to take pictures with flash, which is no not work if you take the traditional nightlife scene.
Select the appropriate settings.
If your camera is not M-mode, where all the camera settings you can choose you, the further part of the section in this article ignore - you just need to shoot the option "Night" or "landscape" mode.
So, if your camera is the ability to select all the shooting settings on your own - be sure to use the chosen F, AV or S mode:
Always use the lowest possible value of this setting - thus minimizing the observable image noise, which are usually caused by a high ISO sensitivity. Just set the ISO to ISO 100 and change other settings. Of course, unless you do not have a stand camera - in this case lies with the ISO set to ISO 800, ISO 1600 or even more, but do not be surprised when the pictures come out of poor quality and will be full of noise.
Its value is marked with a number after the letter F (for example f / 5.6), and the lower, the more light enters the camera. However, at this point should not be the smallest aperture - shooting landscapes is recommended to use f / 8 aperture, as well as the whole image in the image is bright and sharp, while at the maximum open aperture, the image will be of inferior quality. As well as a narrow aperture will help you to use a long shutter speed. Of course, unless you do not have a tripod, then set the aperture as open as possible, but strongly suffer from the quality of the photography.
If you are carrying a tripod, then the maintenance should have no problems - no matter what it is, if you stand immobile, photos come out sharp. Look for the maintenance of the same, depending on how bright you want pictures, or you can let the camera decide what maintenance will be used (usually used in Av mode). However, the most beautiful night photography comes with a longer exposure. You can set the aperture to f/8 or even f/16 and shoot a few minutes long, maintenance, unless you have a chance. Various maintenance of variation is influenced in what will be your night photography.